The Top Causes of Hyperpigmentation and How to Correct Them: Best Skin Care Practices – Lomelin
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The Top Causes of Hyperpigmentation and How to Correct Them: Best Skin Care Practices

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We all know how many products claim to keep our skin looking youthful and bright. Washes and wipes to cleanse the skin and tighten pores, lotions and creams to reduce wrinkles and dry skin, masks to remove impurities… The list goes on and on. You’ve probably tested many of them yourself.

But there’s one issue that most of these conventional skincare products don’t solve—hyperpigmentation. If you’ve ever noticed dark spots or patches that seem like they add years to your skin, then you probably know what we’re talking about.

Basically, hyperpigmentation is caused by the over-production of melanin—the pigment that gives your skin its natural hue—in certain areas of the skin. While hyperpigmentation can indicate skin damage, the dark spots themselves aren’t harmful to anything other than your complexion. Think of them as the less youthful, more obnoxious cousin of freckles.

Hyperpigmentation can result from all sorts of different conditions, and can affect people of all skin types. There are, however, certain common causes that are responsible for most cases. Knowing which ones you’re at risk for—or which ones you may have already experienced—can help you to reduce your risk of hyperpigmentation.

What Causes Hyperpigmentation?

Sunlight

We all know of the dangers of sun exposure. It can age your skin prematurely, damage your eyes, cause skin cancer, and cause painful burns with even limited exposure. Even if you don’t sustain a sunburn, prolonged sun exposure can trigger an inflammatory response that can increase over time. Eventually, your body’s response to this inflammation will include the increased production of melanin, leading to the characteristic “sun spots” or “age spots” that you might recognize in older people.

 

Skin Damage

While damage like cuts and burns can lead to hyperpigmentation, it doesn’t only take an injury to shock the skin into over-producing melanin. Case in point: one of the most common causes of hyperpigmentation is actually acne. The skin’s inflammatory response to acne (especially of the moderate to severe kind) leads to the activation of the melanocytes in our skin, which produce melanin. Conditions like eczema, which cause a similar inflammatory response in the skin, can also lead to hyperpigmentation over time.

Allergic Reaction

Allergic reactions can incite the same inflammatory response in your skin. Severe allergic reactions can end up having a similar effect to sun damage, in that the inflammatory response is sustained or drawn out over a long period of time, again leading to the over-production of melanin.

Medication

Reactions to certain medications can also cause the over-production of melanin, although this reaction is harder to predict. Topical retinoids, antibiotics, hormone medication, chemotherapeutic drugs, and more can all have hyperpigmentation as a side effect, whether through hormonal changes or allergic reactions.

Hormones and Genetics

Some people experience hyperpigmentation due to natural hormonal imbalances between estrogen and progesterone. Fortunately, these imbalances are often temporary, and the pigmentation will likely disappear along with the imbalance. Genetics may predispose certain people and families to hyperpigmentation, though the effects are less temporary.

How to Get Rid of and Prevent Hyperpigmentation

The good news is that if you’re currently suffering from hyperpigmentation, there are many options for treating and getting rid of it. These methods range from very invasive treatments to non-invasive topical remedies. It’s important to know your options to determine which method might work best for you.

Invasive Methods

Methods like fractional laser resurfacing, chemical peels, and microdermabrasion can all be used to treat hyperpigmentation by removing the darker layers of skin over time so that new, less pigmented skin will grow in its place. However, these treatments can be hard on the skin (enough to sometimes cause inflammation and hyperpigmentation themselves), and sometimes require medication to assist in treatment.

Non-Invasive Methods

Increasing your moisturization regimen can help renew the look of your skin and allow new, healthy skin to replace it. In addition, using sunscreen can both reduce the worsening of hyperpigmentation and prevent visible darkening from happening in the first place. There are also certain natural remedies, like citrus oils, that can potentially make a difference in the darkness of skin pigmentation.

Skin-Brightening Creams

One of the best options available for non-invasively treating hyperpigmentation is skin-brightening creams like Lomelin. These products can reduce the appearance of dark spots,

age spots, acne scars, and other discolorations by suppressing the production of melanin in the skin—all without invasive methods that can do more damage than good to your skin.

If you’re interested in a simple treatment that can be applied everyday as an effective alternative to expensive laser treatments with lengthy recovery periods, or products that can be harsh and very irritating to the skin, consider the Lomelin Skin Brightening Cream to treat your hyperpigmentation today!

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